عنوان مقاله [English]
A free and independent press is an essential factor to any free society. A press which modern society wanted to construct, is a Press that is not subject to undue government control and regulation; one that is free from undue financial influence from the private sector, including advertisers, and economic or business pressures from private sector businesses. A free and independent Press provides its readers, viewers, and listeners with the information they need in order to participate fully as citizens in a free society. On the other hand, emergence of modern revelations and introduction of the concept of monitoring are the causes of government’s pessimism towards Press. Press need a free society to act and breath and legal frameworks make this environment available. Study of judicial procedures as means of interpretation and source of law can be useful for recognizing the elements of a free press. This article tries to recognize these elements through study of deferent cases and proceduresKeywords:Free Press, Judicial Procedure, Freedom of Expression, Monitoring the Government Watchdog Journalism.