عنوان مقاله [English]
The Principles of Independence and Impartiality of arbitrators are rooted in Natural Law. Independence and Impartiality are distinct principles bearing different concepts. Independence refers to the external objective - the relationship of the arbitrator and the parties- and lacking it causes to the dependence of the arbitrator and reduces his freedom. However, impartiality refers to inner conditions - attitude of the arbitrator towards the parties or the subject matter itself and emphasizes on the arbitrator’s state of mind in fondness or despise -. In order to assessment the mentioned principals in this text, we used a mixed standard. This means that independence and impartiality should be reviewed and analyzed via a common person vision. This is remarkable that, while the principal of independence rooted in Natural Law but litigants may agree on dismissing it; on the other hand, principal of Impartiality is an infrangible principal and any agreement against it, is against the public order and therefore null.