عنوان مقاله [English]
What appears from contract for carriage of cargo is that it is concluded between the sender and carrier, under which the carrier is obligated to carry the goods to the destination and deliver them to the consignee. However, this appearance might not reflect the truth, in that the consignee is the main beneficiary in the transport operation consequently, he might not only be entitled under the contract of carriage but also be obligated by the same contract. As a result, this question might arise that whether the consignee could be deemed as a party to contract of carriage or not? Some believe that the consignee is a third party vis-à-vis the contract of carriage, while others see him a contract party either in the form of a bilateral contract (omitting the sender from the circle) or a tripartite contract. On the other hand, the same question arises concerning the carrier as in most of the cases more than one carrier is involved in the carriage operation. It is worth noting that the subject of this article, which is of many legal consequences on the parties involved, is analyzed with a comparative study of French and English law and also the international transportation conventions.