عنوان مقاله [English]
Due to economic power and less bargaining, the consumer needs special support from the powerful, and he does not guarantee his rights solely on the basis of the principle of contractual freedom. The consumers of the stock market, which are part of the financial market and are, in contrast, the real market, are no exception and even due to more specialized financial markets, paying attention to the weak stratum of the activists of this market is more important. Therefore, Consumers should be identified and eligible for special protection. Persons investing in stock exchange, are two categories some of them are beginner and non-professional and some others are specialist and obviously the first category needs special support. Although some believes that it is impossible to enforce the rules of consumer rights in the stock market, but it seems, despite the silence of the legislator, must the retail investors of this market, whose main occupation is not securities trading but also a subsidiary and complementary profession and their information is weak, called consumer and the right to use the special benefits of the Consumer Protection Act of 1388 in our country and other related regulations. . In contrast, institutional investors, who are specialist people and securities trading in their main job and due to economic and information power, they do not require special legal protection. As you can see, The concept of consumer in the exchange is somewhat different from the traditional definition in the relevant laws.