عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The most significant expression of the state's commitment to the right to health can be found in Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights that Recognizing the benefits of the highest standard of physical and mental health. However, the term of "right to health" does not precisely mean normal health, but it refers to a variety of facilities and services that states are committed to it in accordance with international treaties and humans have the capability to enjoy and benefit from it. It should be noted that the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, in writing article 12 of the Covenant, did not accept the definition of health to "the state of complete physical, psychological and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or disability" in the introduction of the Constitution of the World Health Organization. However, the first paragraph of Article 12 of the Covenant does not restrict the right to health care to the highest level of physical and mental health. On the contrary, the editorial history and explicit terms of this article acknowledge that the right to health includes a wide range of social and economic factors that predict a situation in which people can live healthy and have effective factors that they have access to health, such as safe water, adequate nutrition, adequate housing, and public and professional health.