عنوان مقاله [English]
The use of remote sensing data as an evidence before tribunals, has received less attention than other aspects of its application; However, the absence of specific court rules for digital evidence and specially these data is not necessarily an obstacle to its presentation and evaluation before international tribunals and the evidentiary rules can also be applied to digital evidence, therefore it can be stated that the acceptance of remote sensing data will not be legally impeded. Satellites and other remote sensing technologies are revolutionizing our capabilities which enable us with a perception beyond our senses to peer into the furthest parts of the world and obtain reliable, inexpensive legal evidence that in some cases can be the only available evidences; For these and other reasons, a review of the current use of remote sensing data as evidences, and paying attention to ways of increasing its future use in the legal context, is timely. This paper describes the technology and its acceptance conditions by using a descriptive-analytical and library method and has examined the admissibility and authenticity of these obtained data, in judicial proceedings and the rules of procedure of International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea on an Adaptive case by case method. And finally, take a look at the decision of those tribunals and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of this debate.