عنوان مقاله [English]
The selection of one or more models from the models in the field of criminal justice is based on culture, economics, education and similar factors and includes the welfare model, risk or risk management model, restorative justice model and minimum intervention model. In the General Penal Code of 1304, the minimum age of criminal responsibility was 12 years, and the model of minimum intervention of criminal law was the model of restorative justice, and in the case of important crimes, the model of criminal justice was considered by the legislator. In the laws of 1338 and 1352, the minimum age of criminal responsibility was reduced to 6 years and the model of criminal justice was the first priority. It is also in the laws of 1982 and 1996. The Islamic Penal Code of 1392, according to the importance of the crime and the age of the accused, chose the model of minimum intervention of criminal law, restorative justice and criminal justice in the field of ta'zir crimes. For other crimes, the model of criminal justice was chosen. However, Article 91 stipulates that the court can consider leather in certain cases or, in fact, punishment as ta'zir, and finally the juvenile delinquent can enjoy legal discounts under certain conditions.