Fronts of differential detection Anti- smuggling’s

Document Type : Original Article


1 Member of the Faculty of Science and Culture University

2 Islamshahr Branch Azad University



Due to the importance and necessity of detecting the Anti- smuggling’s, the legislator has established special rules for the detection of Anti- smuggling’s, which are different from the general rules for the detection of other crimes. Moqtan has counted various devices to detect the Anti- smuggling’s, some of these devices are considered to be detectives and some are mere detectives this distinction has caused the legislator to foresee a special rule regarding the detection of Anti- smuggling’s. On the one hand, these rules are different from the general rules governing the detection of other crimes, and on the other hand, distinctions should be made between the detection of detectives who are in charge and those who are not in charge. Another distinguishing feature governing the discovery of Anti- smuggling’s is the establishment of secondary jurisdiction for discoverers through discovery One of the most important manifestations of this authority is to be present in the review and retrial stages and to defend the discovery and the minutes of the discovery meeting, to protest against the votes implying acquittal and to determine the assignment of the cases of Anti- smuggling’s, which in other crimes, such authority and authority is for bailiffs and discoverers. Does not exist. This article, in addition to explaining the principles governing the behavior of the detectors of Anti- smuggling’s, the differential aspects of the detection of Anti- smuggling’s with other crimes and also the exceptional subordinate competence of the detectors of this field are discussed.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 18 December 2023
  • Receive Date: 14 May 2023
  • Revise Date: 11 September 2023
  • Accept Date: 18 December 2023