عنوان مقاله [English]
National human rights organizations are government bodies based on a constitution and a legitimate authority to protect and promote human rights. They are part of the state system and are set up by governments. Moreover, international human rights norms with the function of national institutions, within the jurisdiction of governments will be more effectively implemented. Afghanistan, as a nation-state affected in decades by international and non-international armed conflicts, has been suffered from sores and deep splits through human rights violations. Accordingly, the Bonn Convention and the constitution have provided the establishment of the "Independent Human Rights Commission" as a national human rights institution. It is committed to providing a variety of reports and making due efforts to support the position of victims of human rights violations to enforce their rights. The commission confronts lots of obstacles such as radical ethnicism, the failure of state elements, the absence of human rights issues as a public demand at the societal level, the passivity of the Transitional Justice project and the weakness of social capital to carry out these legal tasks.