Challenges for Competition Law during Prevalence of Covid-19

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor of Law, Shahid Beheshti University



The emergence of Covid-19 disease has made a particular economic
situation which by its turn has affected competition in different markets.
This research is going to analyze the approach of competition law in front of
competition challenges in the light of public interests and ensuring public
health. In the present paper, the aspects of agreements, unilateral practices,
concentrations, state aids and unilateral government interventions in the
competition field are examined from the perspective of competition rules,
regarding the particular situations imposed by Covid-19. This study reveals
that competition law allows a great deal of flexibility to ensure economic
efficiency in a crisis and provides significant block and ad-hoc exemptions,
but it has strengthened its surveillance and governance in particular health
markets and public essentials and commodities. Confronting unnecessary
collaboration of competitors, especially exchange of commercially sensitive
information, excessive pricing in pharmaceuticals and health products,
prohibition of misleading statements about drugs or Covid-19 treatment
methods, facilitating mergers between R&D undertakings or centers in
health sector, regulating state aid to enterprises affected by the Covid-19
crisis and the regulation of unilateral and direct government interventions in
competition is one of the important calls of competition law in the during
particular period of time. Although it must be admitted that competition law is
not ready for facing up to all aspects of the Covid-19 crisis and balancing
between protection of its fundamental values on one hand and safeguarding
economic activities and assuring public health in the other hand. In Iranian law,
this difficulty is more evident because our existing competition law has no
solution to the problem and, accordingly, the current rules needs revision.


.1غفاری فارسانی، بهنام، حقوق رقابت و ضمانت اجراهای مدنی آن، تهران: میزان، چاپ
.1393 ،اول
.2حقیقت جو، مهدی، »توسعه خارجی شرکتهای تجاری در چارچوب قواعد کنترلی حقوق رقابت
)مطالعه تطبیقی در حقوق ایالات متحده آمریکا، انگلستان و ایران(«، رساله دکتری رشته حقوق
خصوصی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات.
منبع الکترونیک
.3بینام، تازهترین اقدامات جهانی برای کاستن از تبعات اقتصادی کرونا، خبرگزاری
.1399/1/21 مورخ99012011563 :ایسنا، کد خبر
جزئیات جدید از ماسکهای احتکار شده در انبار دیجی کالا، مشرق نیوز، کد
خبر ،1047531تاریخ انتشار: 11اسفند .1398
ماجرای باندهای فرکانسی 700و 800مگاهرتز چیست؟، فرارو، کد خبر :
.1399/1/17 : تاریخ انتشار435580
.6پارسا پور، آرش،
صدا و سیما: تبلیغ رایگان کسبوکارهای اینترنتی باعث سو شدن
ما توسط توسکا میشود
، تاریخ انتشار: .1399/1/9
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