The liability of air carriers for spread of communicable viruses With emphasis on Covid 19 pandemic

Document Type : Original Article


university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran



The advantages of air transportation in terms of human welfare, economic
growth and social integration are outstanding and undeniable. However, the
high speed of aircraft has made such means of transportation as the main
factor of spreading viruses and communicable diseases among the countries.
Spread of Covid-19 virus from China to other countries by aircraft and the
disruptive role of some airlines in this regard necessitated a re-thinking of
the air carriers; liability. Regardless of the social liability of air carriers, their
civil liability for spread of virus between the passengers has become
controversial among the scholars. The basic issue to deal with is that on what
conditions an air carrier might be held liable for such spread of virus. A
comprehensive analysis of this issue, requires a re-thinking of the concept of
“sinister/occurrence” within air transportation under article 17 of Warsaw
Convention 1929 or Montreal Convention 1999, further to the general
obligations of air carriers for compliance with the relevant health


 جباری، منصور، حقوق حمل و نقل بینالمللی هوایی، انتشارات میزان، چاپ نخست، .1390
.2کاظمی، حمید، مسئولیت شرکتهای هواپیمایی در حقوق تطبیقی، انتشارات خرسندی،
چاپ اول، .1394
.3اشراقی آرانی، مجتبی و میلاد صادقی، حقوق هوایی، تاملی در مفهوم و اوصاف، فصلنامه
تحقیقات حقوقی، بهار ،1397شماره .81
.4جباری، منصور، مفهوم حادثه در حقوق حمل و نقل هوایی، فصلنامه پژوهشهای حقوق
تطبیقی، مدرس علوم انسانی، دوره ،14تابستان ،1389شماره .2
.5سید مرتضی حسینی، راحله و دیگران، نظام حمایتی اقتصادی از مسافران در حمل و
نقل هوایی در فرض تاخیر و لغو
، پژوهشنامه صنعت حمل و نقل، دوره ،1395 ،4شماره .13
.6صادقی مقدم، محمدحسن و مجتبی اشراقی آرانی، تحلیل انتقادی قانون تعیین حدود
مسئولیت شرکتهای هواپیمایی ایرانی در پروازهای داخلی ،1391
دیدگاههای حقوق قضایی، بهار ،1392شماره .61
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