punitivness of the avengers of blood according to conditions and circumstances surrounding premeditated murder (case study of premeditated murder cases in Tehran province)

Document Type : Original Article


1 assistant professor of islamic azad university

2 assistant professor law of shahid beheshti university

3 azad universitغ



Numerous factors, including individual and social factors,‌can be related to the demand or non-demand of the right of punishment by‌ avengers of blood. the purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the variables of murder method, precedent of decision and collective quarrel with the decision of the avengers of blood.The present research is conducted by Survey method and Chi-square and Phi Kramer correlation tests were used.The statistical society is premeditated murder cases in Tehran that occurred in March 2004 to September 2015 in Tehran and executed to September 2016 in which one- hundred cases were selected by convenience sampling method and SPSS software was used. According to the research findings, in cases where murder is considered cruel due to indicators such as the use of clubs and swords, inflicting more than two blows, sexual harassment of the victim and burning and amputation of the corpse, in %57/1 of cases leading to retribution,while in cases where the murder was not brutal, retaliation happen in only %24/6 and in %64/9 it has led to receiving blood money and in %8/8, it has led to free forgiveness. The analysis of the data finally led to the conclusion that there is a statistically direct and significant relationship between the decision of the avengers of blood and the method of committing the murder. The findings also showed that there is no significant relationship between the precedent of the killer's decision and also the mass conflict with the decision the avengers of blood.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 13 July 2022
  • Receive Date: 17 March 2022
  • Revise Date: 11 June 2022
  • Accept Date: 13 July 2022