Normative challenges of Iran's environmental laws in the field of mine

Document Type : Original Article


1 Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch

2 assistane of law univer sity azad eslami




Deficiencies of the legal system in identifying threats and legal response to the environmental threats caused by mine exploitation and protection of mineral resources cannot be achieved without identification of such special threats. For the same reason, the geological studies of the environmental threats caused by mine exploitation are an essential step for such a legal response by codifying appropriate rules and regulations and developing a proper legal system. This article is to, initially, identify mechanically with reference from mining engineering chart the environmental threats caused by mine exploitation and then to identify and evaluate legal gaps and challenges in Iranian legal system to deal with such threats, by using the analytical method.

What are the deficiencies of environmental regulations on mine exploitation in Iranian legal system and what is the strategy to tackle such deficiencies?

The environmental threats caused by mine exploitation is identified in a very general, partial and imperfect manner in Iranian legal system. Missing details and lack of classification of threats in terms of the mine and the practical problems in this area, are some definite challenges in this domain, which in turn have seriously impeded the effective legal response.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 01 February 2023
  • Receive Date: 25 January 2023
  • Revise Date: 17 April 2024
  • Accept Date: 01 February 2023