Investigating the limitation of trawl fishing in environment-related laws with emphasis on the 50th principle of Iran's constitution

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Law and Social Sciences Faculty Tabriz University

2 MA. in Public Law. Department of Law , Faculty of Law and Social Science, University Of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran MA. in in Private Law, Department of Law, Collage of Farabi, University of Tehran



The right to a healthy environment reflects fundamental values such as the right to life, the right to health, and the right to a standard and quality of life that belongs to different generations of humans in the present and future. Trawel net fishing has been carried out in the Persian Gulf for some time, which, according to experts, violates the right to a healthy environment and its fundamental values. In trawel net fishing, a large fish trapping net in the shape of a bag is used, which is attached to the back of a floating vessel and catches marine organisms at different depths with a coverage coefficient of 90%, causing serious damage to the marine ecosystem. Preservation of the environment is done by supporting the protection and improvement of the environment and preventing and preventing any kind of pollution and destructive actions that cause the balance and suitability of the environment to be disturbed. Preservation of various animal species, including aquatic animals, is an example of environmental protection.In this research, we aim to answer the question through a descriptive and library method of investigation, whether it is possible to impose restrictions or prohibitions on this type of fishing in the Iranian legal system. Which laws and regulations can be relied upon to address the damage caused by trammel net fishing to the environment and natural resources? To this end, the constitution, ordinary laws, and regulations are first examined, followed by the general policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran,


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 23 December 2023
  • Receive Date: 19 September 2023
  • Revise Date: 16 December 2023
  • Accept Date: 23 December 2023