Crime, media and critical criminology

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Cultural and Media Studies, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Criminal Law, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Branch



Critical criminology, from the very beginning of its establishment, has paid attention to how mass media participate in defining, displaying, social control and analyzing crime. Based on this, critical criminology's attention to issues such as media, culture, customs, etc., has led to the formation of a sub-field called cultural criminology in this field of study. Cultural criminology, which focuses its main issues on: crime as culture, culture as crime, media representation of crime and crime carnival, considers the truth of crime and the process of criminalization to be the product of media procedures. Based on this, certain behaviors are first criminalized by the media, and then, the official discourse of criminal justice institutions also recognizes this process and devises the necessary measures for official criminalization. Therefore, the important finding of this research is that in the light of cultural criminology approaches, the media can be considered the initiator of the informal criminalization process and the facilitator of the formal criminalization process.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 03 March 2024
  • Receive Date: 02 January 2024
  • Revise Date: 21 February 2024
  • Accept Date: 03 March 2024