Moral-Promise Approach or Instrumental Approach in Contract Law: An Economic Analysis

Document Type : Original Article


1 Kharazmi University

2 Associate Professor at Shahid Beheshti University


Economic analysis of law generally observes the law, as what it must be, from a prescriptive and normative viewpoint. That is to say, it defines the musts for the society and guides the legal rules in order to achieve them. One of the law branches, which distinctively has an appropriate ground for economic analysis, is the substance of contract.
In Contract Law, the instrumental approach – based on normative analysis – considers the contract as an instrument for realization of economic efficiency. On the opposite point, the moral approach considers the contract solely as a moral obligation to fulfil a promise. Therefore, in respect of moral aspects implied by it, implementation of a contract is a duty for the contract parties. An essential question is that which of these approaches is in more conformity with the rules of the Contract Law?
Picking either of these approaches may make different effects on attainment of contractual goals. By considering the Contract Law as an instrument of social policy, as opposed to pacta sunt servanda, as a moral principle, a more appropriate description of it can be presented. In addition, stating the functional grounds of instrumental approach will show its prevalence and preference over the moral approach.


Main Subjects

الف( منابع فارسی
0 .انصاری، مهدی، تحلیل اقتصادی حقوق قراردادها، تهران: جاودانه، جنگل، چاپ دوم، 0121.
5 .تفرشی، محمد عیسی، مباحیی تحلیلی از حقوق شرکتهای تجاری، جلد 0 ،انتشارات
دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، چاپ اول، 0148.
1.کاتوزیان، ناصر، الزامهای خارج از قرارداد: ضمان قهری، انتشارات دانشرگاه تهرران،
چاپ اول، 0140 .
0 .کاتوزیان، ناصر، فلسفۀ حقوق، جلد 0 ،شرکت سهام انتشار، چاپ پنجم، 0188 .
0 .کاتوزیان، ناصر، قواعد عمومی قراردادها، جلد 5 ،شرکت سهامی انتشار، چاپ پنجم، 0142.
6 .ابدالی، مهرزاد، جایگاه اخالق در تحلیل اقتصادی حقوق، مجله نامه مفید، شرماره 85 ،
 .056 -010 صص، 0182
4 .رضائی استخروییه، مصطفی و افالطون اسفندیاری مهنری، تحلیل اقتصادی معامله و آثار
آن بر ضمانت اجراهای اجرای اجباری، فسخ و مسئولیت قاراردادی، فصرلنامه
مجلس و راهبرد، بهار 0120 ،شماره 80 ،صص 581 -100.
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