Forum Necessitates in Private International Law

Document Type : Original Article


University of Guilan


Protection of fundamental values and public interests justify provide some exceptional rules for jurisdiction. Among this, Necessitates jurisdiction widely accepted because of reliance on justice conception and compliance with fair trial right in domestic laws of many states as well as international instruments. Where application of normal rules of jurisdiction amount to unfavorable results or unable for meet of justice, should be thrown down and the court which is principally lack of jurisdiction, could adjudicate the case. This feature differentiate Necessitates jurisdiction from some similar concepts such as exorbitant jurisdiction and forum non convenience. Necessitates jurisdiction rules exercise with consideration of other state procedures and impossibility of litigation in foreign state is one of main requirement of this jurisdiction. Although conflict between necessity jurisdiction and comity approach as one of current foundation of private international law, which is require good relationship among states, cause hesitate in acceptance of this exceptional jurisdiction in some countries.


Main Subjects

فهرست منابع:
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