تحلیل و نقدی بر ابعاد ضمانت اجراهای رقابتی در قلمرو مالکیتهای فکری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

10.22034/jlr.2018.150978.1245

چکیده

مراجع رقابتی در طریق مقابله با فعالیتهای مخل رقابت در حیطه مالکیتهای فکری، از ضمانت اجراهای متنوع و با کارایی متفاوت سود می‌جویند. این مقاله می‌کوشد تا ضمن بررسی اقسام تدابیر رقابتی قابل اعمال در گستره مالکیتهای فکری، چارچوب این دست ضمانت اجراها را با عنایت به مقررات ق.ا.س.ک.ا در حقوق ایران ترسیم کرده و رابطه میان ضوابط عام و خاص مالکیت فکری را تبیین سازد و از منظر شاخصها و قواعد تثبیت شده سایر نظامها، رهیافتهای حقوق ایران را تحلیل نموده و به چالش بکشد. این پژوهش آشکار می‌سازد که در غیاب یک سیاست کارا در قبال داراییهای فکری و نبود درک صحیحی از ابعاد ضمانت اجراهای رقابتی و بسنده کردن صرف به اقتباس مفاهیم از حقوق خارجی، بدون تلاش برای انطباق آنها در بستر حقوق داخلی، راهکارهای اتخاذی دچار کاستیهای عمیق شده و گاه نتایج غیر اصولی به بار می‌آورند. امری که مستلزم تغییر نگرشها به نقش ابزارهای رقابتی در قلمرو مالکیتهای فکری و بازنگری جدی در موازین کنونی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Analysis and Critic on the Aspects of Competition Remedies and Sanctions in Intellectual Property Domain

چکیده [English]

Competition authorities call various remedies with different efficiency in hindering antitrust activities in Intellectual Property domain in order to protect technological environment from anticompetitive practices and save innovation from the illegal ambition of undertakings. Having regarded different types of competitive sanctions which are applicable in IP sphere, this research is going to draw their framework in Iranian law, regarding the Law on Implementation of General Policies of Principle (44) and clarify the relationship between general and particular IP regulations and challenge the approaches of Iranian law from the point of view of standards and established rules in IP and competition laws sphere. This paper makes clear that in absence of efficient policy regarding IPs and a lack of understanding of the competitive remedies aspects and mere borrowing the notions of foreign law, without trying to adapt them in the context of domestic law, adopted policies and solutions suffer from deep shortcomings. This situation finally leads to unreasonable results which require a substantial change in attitudes to the role of competition on sanctions in the field of intellectual property and reconsidering of the current arrangements and rules.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Competition remedies or sanctions
  • Intellectual Property Law
  • Competition Law
  • Exclusive rights
  • Anticompetitive agreements
  1. جعفرزاده، میرقاسم و رهبری، ابراهیم، تحلیل رقابتی تحدیدات ممنوع در قراردادهای لیسانس فناوری، پژوهش حقوق خصوصی  پاییز1391، سال اول، شماره 1
  2. رهبری، ابراهیم، حقوق انتقال فناوری، چ.2، سمت، تهران، 1393
  3. صادقی، محسن و شمشیری، صادق، نقد قانون سیاستهای کلی اصل 44 قانون اساسی ایران (قانون خصوصی سازی) ازمنظر رابطه مالکیت فکری و حقوق رقابت، فصل‌نامه پژوهش حقوق و سیاست، سال13، شماره33، تابستان1390.
  4. کاتوزیان، ناصر، قواعد عمومی قراردادها، ج.2، چ.4، سهامی انتشار، تهران، 1376
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