عنوان مقاله [English]
The public health is undoubtedly one of the instances of public interests the lack of which would impose immense harm on the very existence of the collective life. This becomes more serious in emergency situations. More importantly, if a system of prioritisation of scares resources is not devised for such conditions, numberless lives would be lost and all dimensions of the collective life will be collapsed. The basic question relates to foundations of designing a method of prioritisation and provision of medical and health services in the emergency situation and to a public health system corresponding to these foundations. Translation and transformation of those foundations and this system into legal rules and procedures form the hard core of the “public health law”. In this research, upon referring to presupposition of the current discussions, we shall put forward, respectively, the mentioned foundations and the system. No doubt, the legal system of public health is expected to strike an internal balance in this structure, and also make this consistent with other pillars of the human civic life.