نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دوره دکتری گروه حقوق جزای و جرم شناسی، واحدقم، دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، قم، ایران
2 استاد، گروه حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران. (نویسنده مسئول)
3 دانشیار، گروه حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
4 دانشیار، گروه حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In democratic policy_ making, the demands of citizens in Criminal Normalization Is taken into consideration. The legitimacy of criminal measures is achieved through the identification of citizens and the protection of their freedoms. In a democracy system ,citizens have the most democratic participation in the Criminal process. In this research, this question is answered in a descriptive-analytical way through library information in the light of the three principles of representation, citizenship rights, and limitation of power. What is the position of citizens' demands for a fair criminal policy that is maximally acceptable And what extent should the will of the general public be taken into account? The result of the present study is that the principles of democracy in any society, in terms of the degree to which it is conceptualized, affect the type and manner of criminal policies. Democracy by providing citizens' satisfaction and providing democratic participation while influencing the criminalization can provide the basis for a fair criminal response in society. Paying attention to the will of citizens in democratic policy-making causes criminal responses to be redefined in the light of the concepts of civil rights, and criminalization and Sentencing to be carried out in accordance with the culture and civilization of society. the findings in this study are positive this fact, That the coercive result of establishing the concepts of democracy in societies is not necessarily the establishment of humane criminal responses and In some cases, policymakers deviate from democratic concepts in order to establish strict responses.