عنوان مقاله [English]
Within the context of legal recognition of minorities, there are several critical views concerned with different aspects of minority rights. Aylete Shachar who is considered as a feminist law scholar presents an intersectionism theory according to which one must not ignore different aspects of people’s identities in the context of Legal Multiculturalism. According to Intersectionism theory, comprehensive recognition of minorities might lead to the violation of different minorities within those minorities which were formerly recognized. The reason for this could be the notion that legal recognition instruments usually do not consider various internal frames in the minority group. Therefore, leaders of minority might have urged the group identity in order to ignore other aspects of the minority members’ identities. For example, regulations of minority membership might deny the membership of a woman who marries a man outside the group. However, for a man who marries a foreigner woman new membership of his wife would be considered.
1. Crenshaw, Kimberlé. On Intersectionality: Essential Writings. The New Press, 2017.
2. Kymlicka, Will, and Wayne J. Norman, eds. Citizenship in diverse societies. Oxford University Press, 2000.
4. Shachar, Ayelet. Multicultural jurisdictions: Cultural differences and women's rights. Cambridge University Press, 2001.
5. Shachar, Ayelet. The birthright lottery: Citizenship and global inequality. Harvard University Press, 2009.
6. Crenshaw, Kimberle. "Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics." U. Chi. Legal F. ,1989 .
7. Crenshaw, Kimberle. "Mapping the margins: Intersectionality, identity politics, and violence against women of color." Stanford law review ,1991.
8. Heyes, Cressida. "Identity politics." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,First published Tue Jul 16, 2002; substantive revision Wed Mar 23, 2016 ,2002.
9. Kian, Azadeh, and Gilles Riaux. "Crafting Iranian Nationalism: Intersectionality of Aryanism, Westernism and Islamism." Nations and their Histories: Constructions and Representations, Londres, Palgrave McMillan ,2009.
10. Kian-Thiébaut, Azadeh. "From motherhood to equal rights advocates: The weakening of patriarchal order." Iranian Studies 38.1,2005.:
11. Shachar, Ayelet, and Ran Hirschl. "Citizenship as inherited property." Political Theory 35.3 ,2007.
12. Shachar, Ayelet. "Group identity and women’s rights in family law: The perils of multicultural accommodation." Journal of Political Philosophy 6.3 ,1998.
13. Shachar, Ayelet. "Religion, State, and the Problem of Gender: New Modes of Citizenship and Governance in Diverse Societies." McGill LJ 50,2005.
14. Shachar, Ayelet. "The paradox of multicultural vulnerability: Individual rights, identity groups, and the state." Multicultural questions ,1999.
15. Tully, James. "Cultural demands for constitutional recognition." Journal of Political Philosophy 3.2 ,1995.
16. Shachar, Ayelet. "Demystifying culture." International Journal of Constitutional Law 10.2 (2012): 429-448.
17. Shachar, Ayelet. "The race for talent: Highly skilled migrants and competitive immigration regimes." NYUL rev. 81,2006.
18. Vows, Public. "A History of Marriage and the Nation." Cambridge, MA: Harvard ,2000.
19. Bavli v. Great Rabbinical Court, 1994 IsrSC 48 ,1994.
20. Fletcher, Matthew LM. "Santa Clara Pueblo v. Martinez." ,2006.
21. Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians v. Holyfield, 490 U.S. 30, 109 S. Ct. 1597, 104 L. Ed. 2d 29 ,1989.
22. Van de Perre v. Edwards, 2001 S.C.R.2 983 ,2001.