عنوان مقاله [English]
"The Agent" is a person appointed by a state to represent it in the proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The agent leads the state delegation team before the ICJ and manages legal activities of the state during the course of litigation. The main function of the agent is to defend the appointing state. However, in proceeding before the ICJ, the agent may declare statements that its effect can leads to new obligation for the principal state. These statements are frequently declared without previous apparent consent of appointing state. The aim of this article is to assess these statements of the agent and to specify its legal effects. In other words, this essay tries to determine whether the agent of state before the ICJ is competent authority to declare new obligation for appointing state or not. There are conflicting theories to answer this question. However, it seems that legal logic gives a positive answer to this question. In addition, the case law of the ICJ and its predecessor, the PCIJ, confirm this approach.