نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه حقوق بین الملل دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران
2 استاد گروه حقوق بین المللی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران
3 استادیار دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی تهران
4 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق حقوقی بین الملل دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The outbreak of coronavirus is an international crisis which is unprecedented in the contemporary world. For the first time, this lethal disease was reported in china in the beginning of December 2019 and spread gradually all over the world. In the current situation, the efficiency of international law in protecting the lives of human beings as well as promoting the right to health is criticized by scholars. Importantly, in the view of the UN high commissioner for Human Rights (Michelle Bachelet), coronavirus is a criterion for testing international community in terms of guarantying Human security. The present article will analyze the reaction of international law to this crisis in three aspects: firstly, the role of WHO in reaction to this widespread disease will be analyzed. Secondly, the international responsibility of States to ensure the right to health will be surveyed. Thirdly, derogations during a state of emergency arising from the outbreak of coronavirus will be examined. In each of the afore-mentioned questions, our analysis will be focused on the efficiency of Westphalia structure of international law for coping with international crisis as well as protecting Human security.
Corona, Efficiency of international law, WHO, Responsibility of States, Emergency Situation