عنوان مقاله [English]
The authors of the Iranian Civil Code tried to codify and write the code based on or in accordance with Imamiyeh jurisprudence. . In the general rules of contracts and obligations, translation and adaptation of French law - which is based on the theory of obligations - has taken place, while in certain contracts it has been mainly adapted from Imamiyeh jurisprudence. The different foundations of these two sources, one based on the theory of obligations and the other based on the theory of property transferring, have caused conflicts in several cases of civil coded. Iranian jurists do not have the same view in analyzing the provisions of civil code: based on the general theory of obligations or the theory of property transferring. Citing some narrations (ahadis) and interpretations of some Islamic jurists, some believed that Imamiyeh jurisprudence as opposed to Sunni jurisprudence was based on the theory of obligations. Others, by specifying the alienation of the general theory of obligations, consider the theory of obligation as a secondary matter in Imamiyeh jurisprudence. It seems that Imamiyeh jurisprudence and most of the provisions of Iranian civil code are based on the theory of property transferring. This research answers several questions about the above mentioned matters .