نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
حقوق عمومی، دانشکدۀ حقوق، پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، استاد مدعو
عنوان مقاله [English]
Civil code is the central pin of legal systems in every country. The more the terms of the code are based on popular, present national and historical traditions of the country and, as Seqat-ol-Eslam Tabrizi calls, are congruent with “the taste of the Country,” the more its consistency, durability, and efficiency will be. Iranian Civil Code was likewise compiled by Civil Code Compilers Assembly based on Shia jurisprudence and was legislated by the Legislative Assembly of Iran. With respect to the fact that the code was legislated at the ministerial period of Ali Akbar Davar as the Minister of Justice, some have asserted that he was to compile civil code based on Western communities laws and by utilizing foreigner consultants, an idea which was confronted by Mohammad Mosaddegh; and backtracking from his former idea as a result of Mosaddegh’s speeches in Sixth Constitutional Parliament, Davar decided to compile civil code based on Shia jurisprudence by aid of an Iranian assembly. Investigating and comparing related historical documents, the present study aims to investigate such a hypothesis, and the results indicate that neither Davar was to compile the Civil Code based on Western laws nor Mosaddegh claimed the same posit.