عنوان مقاله [English]
Todays, the development of science is regarded as one of the most important conditions for survival among different societies, which highlights the special place of higher education in each country. Universities are able to play the role of their own stimulus and developer appropriately when they indicate flexibility and act intelligently during the momentous changes in science and knowledge.The desire of the political and administrative system of Iran to their reliance on its administrative focus is regarded as the most important challenges for academic institutions, which cannot be easily solved, along with questioning the independence and freedom of higher education institutions. Thus, a careful and accurate planning should be prioritized in this regard. One of the main problems is related to the fact that policy makers and decision makers decide on a variety of internal and external issues in the field of higher education and their tasks are coincided with each other. As a result, preventing conflicts and overlapping the responsibilities of policy makers and decision makers in this area are considered as one of the solutions for solving this problem. In the present study, the main question is based on the principles of coping strategies and conflict of tasks among the important decision-making organizations. To this aim, the status and scope of the approvals of these institutions are examined in the hierarchy of legal rules, and the nature of the approvals of the references in terms of politics, laws or regulations are emphasized by regarding legal considerations.